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Institutionalization: A theory of human behavior and the social environment

by Mn Johnson, R Rhodes
Advances in Social Work ()
  • ISSN: 15278565

Abstract

Institutionalism is the syndrome first recognized and described in inpa- tient psychiatric facilities, which is now used to describe a set of maladaptive behav- iors that are evoked by the pressures of living in any institutional setting. This arti- cle traces the development of the theory of institutionalization, which predicts and explains an individuals response to that particular type of environment. The article makes note of key contributors and contributions, and of empirical studies that have advanced the theory. Underlying perspectives and assumptions are identified and earlier theoretical models are reviewed and critiqued. An updated model of the theory, which includes individual vulnerabilities, objective conditions of the insti- tutional placement, and the residents perceptions of the environment, is presented. New directions in the field of institutional care and implications for social workers, particularly for those working in nursing home and prison settings, are discussed, along with recommendations for next steps for theory progression.

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Readership Statistics

20 Readers on Mendeley
by Discipline
 
45% Social Sciences
 
20% Business, Management and Accounting
 
10% Computer Science
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20% Student > Postgraduate
 
15% Student > Bachelor
 
15% Professor > Associate Professor
by Country
 
10% India
 
5% United Kingdom
 
5% South Africa

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