The abundance of organic solid waste throughout the world has become a common issue that needs complete management at every level. Also, the scarcity of fuel and the competition between food and substance as an alternative to a petroleum-based product has become a major problem that needs to be properly handled. An urge to find renewable substances for sustainable development results in a strategy to valorize organic solid waste using solid state fermentation (SSF) and to manage the issue of solid wastes in a green approach. This paper reviews management of solid wastes using SSF, with regard to its current application, advantages and challenges, downstream processing in SSF, economic viewpoint, and future perspectives.
Yazid, N. A., Barrena, R., Komilis, D., & Sánchez, A. (2017). Solid-state fermentation as a novel paradigm for organic waste valorization: A review. Sustainability (Switzerland). MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/su9020224