The paper addresses the impact of efficiency and results of solutions applied to transport goods on business efficiency indicators and their relation with the consequences of violating road traffic regulations, work and rest schedule of vehicle crews, weight and dimension restrictions imposed on trucks. The degree of dissociation between adopted systems to evaluate solutions is analyzed for various participants through the whole supply chain. As a result, a conflict of interests is found between businessmen owning goods, transport companies, consumers, and the society. The basic requirements to logistics in the form of three goals (faster, cheaper, better) develop behavioral models and patterns to take decisions leading to unsafe situations on roads and violations of various requirements to transportation. Following interests of businessmen assessing efficiency using criteria of ROA (return on assets) and the value for business owners results in similar decisions. The paper describes a model of developing ROA elements that are affected by criteria for making decisions during goods transportation and decisions provoking violation of various rules and requirements. This model can provide a basis for a quantitative analysis of the factors' impact on logistics costs and on the value of assets. Model development options depend on the selected method of economic analysis. This model allows revealing primary causes for road accidents, based on reaching the goals to be met through decisions in logistics and goals underlying business efficiency. The approach can also be used in determining trends in motivation of transport operators in observing the requirements and improving transport laws.
Lukinskiy, V., & Pletneva, N. (2018). Impact of solutions for goods transportation on business efficiency and traffic safety. In Transportation Research Procedia (Vol. 36, pp. 459–464). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2018.12.125