Prevalence and determinants of menstrual regulation among ever-married women in Bangladesh: Evidence from a national survey

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Abstract

Background: Despite the remarkable reduction of maternal mortality, unsafe and untimely menstrual regulation (MR) remains a major maternal health problem in Bangladesh. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and identify determinants of MR among ever-married women in Bangladesh. Methods: Data for this study have been extracted from Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2014. The survey followed a two-stage stratified sampling procedure and the study used a sub-sample of 8084 ever-married women aged 15 to 49 years extracted from survey sample of 17,863. Univariate and multivariate mixed-effect logistic regression analyses were used to identify risk factors for MR accounting for potential between-clusters variations. Results: The weighted prevalence of MR was 12.3% (95% CI: 11.1-13.4%) among (991/8084) ever-married women. Women were less likely to have MR if they were from Chittagong (AOR 0.74, 95% CI: 0.57-0.96; p = 0.026) and Sylhet (AOR 0.53, 95% CI: 0.36-0.77; p = 0.001) divisions. Women were more likely to have MR if they were from high (AOR 1.47, 95% CI: 1.18-1.83; p = 0.001) and the highest (AOR 1.62, 95% CI: 1.27-2.05; p < 0.001) socioeconomic status (SES) group; being employed (AOR 1.35, 95% CI: 1.16-1.56; p < 0.001), having one or two children (AOR 1.73, 95% CI: 1.24-2.40: p = 0.001) and ≥ 3 children (AOR 2.56, 95% CI: 1.82-3.58; p < 0.001), and having membership of non-government organization (NGO) (AOR 1.18, 95% CI: 1.02-1.38; p = 0.030). Conclusion: MR is prevalent among Bangladeshi women and independently associated with geographic location, SES, parity, employment and NGO membership status. Health policy should prioritize in reducing spatial and socioeconomic inequalities in relation to MR services by ensuring accessibility and availability of MR services, especially in suburban divisions. Furthermore, abortion should be legalized in Bangladesh that will ultimately reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with unsafe abortion.

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Rana, J., Sen, K. K., Sultana, T., Hossain, M. B., & Islam, R. M. (2019). Prevalence and determinants of menstrual regulation among ever-married women in Bangladesh: Evidence from a national survey. Reproductive Health, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0785-7

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