The solution structure of mouse cytochrome P450 2A4 (CYP2A4), a monooxygenase of deoxysteroids, was obtained using homology modeling and molecular dynamics. The solvent-equilibrated CYP2A4 preserves the essential features of CYP450s. A comparison of the models CYP2A4 and CYP2A4 with testosterone bound CYP2A4/T illustrates the changes induced by the binding of the substrate. Experimental evidence links four amino acid residues to the catalytic activity, substrate specificity, and regioselectivity of this enzyme. Three of the four amino acids are found within contact distance of the testosterone substrate, and therefore may control the binding of the substrate through direct interaction. Remarkably, a water complex previously observed in x-ray crystal structure forms near the bulge in the central I helix that contains a conserved Thr. The properties of the I helix are computed in the context of the presence or absence of ligand.
Gorokhov, A., Negishi, M., Johnson, E. F., Pedersen, L. C., Perera, L., Darden, T. A., & Pedersen, L. G. (2003). Explicit water near the catalytic I helix Thr in the predicted solution structure of CYP2A4. Biophysical Journal, 84(1), 57–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(03)74832-2