Objectives. We compared the efficacy of two different mapping techniques in identifying the ablation site for atrial tachycardia. Moreover, we evaluated the additive positive predictive value of mechanical interruption of atrial tachycardia to reduce the number of ineffective radiofrequency application. Background. Radiofrequency catheter ablation has been suggested as a highly effective technique to treat drug-resistant atrial tachycardia. However, irrespective of the mapping technique utilized, success was most often achieved with a large number of radiofrequency applications. Methods. Forty-five patients with atrial tachycardia underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation. Mapping techniques included identification of earliest atrial activation and pace-mapping concordant sequence. Results. Atrial tachycardia was successfully treated in 42 (93.3%) of 45 patients with a mean of 3.9 radiofrequency pulses/patient. An interval between the onset of the intracavitary atrial deflection and the onset of the P wave during atrial tachycardia (AP interval) ≥30 ms (p < 0.001) and pace-mapping concordant sequence (p = 0.01) were all significant predictors of outcome. An AP interval ≥30 ms and a pace-mapping concordant sequence were highly sensitive (92.8%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 80.5% to 98.5%; 85.7%, 95% CI 71.5% to 94.6%, respectively) but less specific (47.8%, 95% CI 37.9% to 58.2%; 36.8%, 95% CI 27.6% to 47.2%, respectively) in identifying the site of ablation. By using atrial tachycardia mechanical interruption combined with the AP interval >30 ms or the pace-mapping concordant sequence, we obtained a specificity of 76.5% (95% CI 66.4% to 84.0%) and 73.5% (95% CI 63.2% to 81.4%), respectively, and a positive predictive value of 49.2% and 44.6%, respectively. Conclusion. An AP interval ≥30 ms and a pace-mapping concordant sequence were reliable mapping features for predicting the outcome of the ablation procedure. Mechanical interruption of atrial tachycardia improved the specificity and positive predictive value of these two mapping techniques.
Pappone, C., Stabile, G., De Simone, A., Senatore, G., Turco, P., Damiano, M., … Chiariello, M. (1996). Role of catheter-induced mechanical trauma in localization of target sites of radiofrequency ablation in automatic atrial tachycardia. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 27(5), 1090–1097. https://doi.org/10.1016/0735-1097(95)00597-8