Background: Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1), which is thought to be produced mainly by activated hepatic stellate cells and Kupffer cells in the liver, plays a pivotal role in matrix remodeling during liver injury and repair; while the effect of TIMP-1 on hepatocellular damage remains obscure.Results: Hepatic expression of TIMP-1 mRNA and protein was up-regulated both in acute and chronic liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4). Compared with wild-type mice, TIMP-1 knockout mice were more susceptible to CCl 4-induced acute and chronic liver injury, as shown by higher levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), greater number of apoptotic hepatocytes, and more extended necroinflammatory foci. TIMP-1 knockout mice also displayed greater degree of liver fibrosis after chronic CCl 4injection when compared with wild-type mice. In vitro treatment with TIMP-1 inhibited cycloheximide-induced cell death of primary mouse hepatocytes. Finally, up-regulation of TIMP-1 in the liver and serum after chronic CCl 4treatment was markedly diminished in hepatocyte-specific signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) knockout mice. In vitro treatment with interleukin-6 stimulated TIMP-1 production in primary mouse hepatocytes, but to a lesser extent in STAT3-deficient hepatocytes.Conclusions: TIMP-1 plays an important role in protecting against acute and chronic liver injury and subsequently inhibiting liver fibrosis induced by CCl 4. In addition to activated stellate cells and Kupffer cells, hepatocytes are also responsible for TIMP-1 production during liver injury via a STAT3-dependent manner. © 2011 Wang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Wang, H., Lafdil, F., Wang, L., Yin, S., Feng, D., & Gao, B. (2011). Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1) deficiency exacerbates carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury and fibrosis in mice: Involvement of hepatocyte STAT3 in TIMP-1 production. Cell and Bioscience, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/2045-3701-1-14