Emplacement dynamics of the plumbing system and lava pile of the Paraná Magmatic Province in Morro da Igreja, Santa Catarina, Brazil

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Abstract

The mechanisms of magma ascent, transport and emplacement of the volcanic pile from LIPs are key issues regarding the understanding of the complex construction of volcanic systems and magma transport through the crust. The integrated approach of morphology of the volcanic and subvolcanic bodies, whole rock geochemistry and ASM data provides a robust tool to unravel the flow dynamics of the volcanic bodies and the sequence of the magmatic events. Such approach allows building up a model of construction of the lava pile considering the role played by the plumbing system. This paper investigates the emplacement mechanism of sill and lava flows of the Serra Geral Group (SGG), in the southern part of Mesozoic Paraná-Etendeka Magmatic Province (PEMP) in Brazil. Geologic and geochemical analysis were integrated with anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS), anisotropy of anhysteretic remanent magnetization (AARM) and rock magnetism experiments on 14 sampling sites in the Morro da Igreja region, top of the lava pile in Santa Catarina. The area is composed of low-Ti basaltic (with predominance of rubbly pahoehoe) and silicic lava flows, both intruded by a tabular sill that reaches a few hundred meters wide. The mafic lava flows are composed of Gramado, Urubici and Esmeralda magma-type basalts and andesite basalts. The silicic lava flows are massive or foliated, classified as Palmas type dacites. The sill has regular columnar joints and is classified as Esmeralda type. Magnetic mineralogy data suggests magnetite or Ti-poor magnetite as the main magnetic mineral for all the igneous rocks, and AARM results show anomalous fabric for the lava flows and normal or intermediate fabric for the sill. Besides the anomalous fabric sites, AMS data provide reliable directional data to infer flow direction for the sill, with initial propagation towards NE, followed by a preferential SE direction of magma flow. For the silicic rocks, the presence of vertical and inclined magnetic foliation suggest a lava dome geometry. The dynamics of the magmatic flow of the sill and lava flows associated with the compositional characteristics of the rocks allows stablishing the stratigraphy of the magmatic events in the area as well as the proposition of an emplacement model for the sequence.

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Acosta, A. C. M., Florisbal, L. M., Savian, J. F., Waichel, B. L., da Silva, M. S., & Ferreira da Trindade, R. I. (2023). Emplacement dynamics of the plumbing system and lava pile of the Paraná Magmatic Province in Morro da Igreja, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Journal of Geodynamics, 157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jog.2023.101974

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