Acute liver failure (ALF) is a severe condition secondary to a myriad of causes associated with poor outcomes. The prompt diagnosis and identification of the aetiology allow the administration of specific treatments plus supportive strategies and to define the overall prognosis, the probability of developing complications and the need for liver transplantation. Pivotal issues are adequate monitoring and the institution of prophylactic strategies to reduce the risk of complications, such as progressive liver failure, cerebral oedema, renal failure, coagulopathies or infections. In this article, we review the main aspects of ALF, including the definition, diagnosis and complications. Also, we describe the standard-of-care strategies and recent advances in the treatment of ALF. Finally, we include our experience of care patients with ALF.
Rovegno, M., Vera, M., Ruiz, A., & Benítez, C. (2019, July 1). Current concepts in acute liver failure. Annals of Hepatology. Elsevier Espana S.L. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aohep.2019.04.008