Perfil clínico e epidemiológico de pacientes idosos com doença de Chagas atendidos entre 2005-2013 por um serviço de atenção farmacêutica no estado do Ceará, nordeste do Brasil

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Abstract

By controlling the transmission of Chagas disease, the challenge of providing assistance to millions of infected patients that reach old age arises. In this study, the socioeconomic, demographic and comorbidity records of all elderly chagasic patients followed at the Pharmaceutical Care Service of the Chagas Disease Research Laboratory were assessed. The information related to the clinical form of the disease was obtained from medical records provided by the Walter Cantídio University Hospital. The profile of the studied population was: women (50.5%); mean age of 67 years; retired (54.6%); married (51.6 %); high illiteracy rate (40.2%); and family income equal to the minimum wage (51.5%). The predominant clinical forms of Chagas disease were cardiac (65.3%) and indeterminate (14.7%). The main electrocardiographic changes were the right bundle branch block (41.0%), associated or not with the anterosuperior left bundle branch block (27.4%). The average number of comorbidities per patient was 2.23 ± 1.54, with systemic arterial hypertension being the main one found (67.0%). It was found that the elderly comprise a vulnerable group of patients that associate aging with cardiac and/or digestive disorders resulting from the evolution of Chagas disease and other comorbidities, which requires special attention from health services to ensure more appropriate medical and social care.

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Pereira, L. dos S., Freitas, E. C., Fidalgo, A. S. O. de B. V., Andrade, M. C., Cândido, D. da S., da Silva Filho, J. D., … Queiroz, J. A. N. (2015). Perfil clínico e epidemiológico de pacientes idosos com doença de Chagas atendidos entre 2005-2013 por um serviço de atenção farmacêutica no estado do Ceará, nordeste do Brasil. Revista Do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo, 57(2), 145–152. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652015000200008

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