Objective We investigated the capacity of microRNAs isolated from peripheral blood buffy coat collected late during the first trimester to predict preeclampsia. Study design The cohort study comprised 48 pregnant women with the following pregnancy outcomes: 8 preeclampsia and 40 with normal delivery outcomes. Quantitative rtPCR was performed on a panel of 30 microRNAs from buffy coat samples drawn at a mean of 12.7±0.5 weeks gestation. MicroRNA Risk Scores were calculated and AUC-ROC calculations derived. Results The AUC-ROC for preeclampsia risk was 0.91 (p<0.0001). When women with normal delivery and high-risk background (those with SLE/APS, chronic hypertension and/or Type 2 Diabetes) were compared to women who developed preeclampsia but with a normal risk background (without these mentioned risk factors), preeclampsia was still predicted with an AUC-ROC of 0.92 (p<0.0001). Conclusion MicroRNA quantification of peripheral immune cell microRNA provides sensitive and specific prediction of preeclampsia in the first trimester of pregnant women. With this study, we extend the range during which disorders of the placental bed may be predicted from early to the end of the first trimester. This study confirms that buffy coat may be used as a sample preparation.
Winger, E. E., Reed, J. L., Ji, X., & Nicolaides, K. (2018). Peripheral blood cell microRNA quantification during the first trimester predicts preeclampsia: Proof of concept. PLoS ONE, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190654