Institutionalization of corporate bribery: a measurement proposal with evidence from a Latin American sample

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Purpose: This article aims to report on the development and validation of a bribery measurement index for the business sector, which, based on institutional theory, seeks to overcome the limitations of traditional measurements, recognizing the dynamics that originate the phenomenon and identifying process components. Design/methodology/approach: To construct the index, correlational and principal component analysis techniques were used, as well as rigorous statistical tests, validating the instrument in a sample of 2,963 companies in Latin America, including Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico and Peru. Findings: The result was an instrument composed of two dimensions: (1) anti-bribery game rules, composed of regulations knowledge and anti-bribery efforts, and (2) bribery as a perceived habit, allowing an objective representation of reality due to its internal consistency, concurrent and discriminant validity. Practical implications: This instrument is one of the few that focuses on measuring bribery in the business sector in terms of corrupt practices, applicable for both public and private institutions to promote game rules against bribery. Additionally, the proposed theoretical model can be used to measure other phenomena with similar characteristics. Originality/value: This article empirically highlights different variables that make bribery possible. The results can be helpful in the design of strategies to prevent this type of behavior. It also highlights the importance of designing mechanisms to record information related to bribery and the different expressions of corruption in order to explain its different nuances.




Yepes-López, G. A., Camarena, J. L., Cruz-Pulido, J. M., Quintero-Campos, L. J., Lasio, V., Rodriguez, J., … Beltramino, N. (2023). Institutionalization of corporate bribery: a measurement proposal with evidence from a Latin American sample. Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administracion, 36(2), 217–244.

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