Luteinizing hormone concentrations after gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist administration do not influence pregnancy rates in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer

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Abstract

Objective To determine the impact of circulating LH concentrations during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation on the outcome of IVF. Design Retrospective study. Setting University hospital. Patient(s) Two-hundred seventy women who had a short stimulation protocol with GnRH antagonist and ovarian stimulation with recombinant FSH (rFSH). Intervention(s) GnRH antagonist and rFSH were administered SC; blood samples were collected on the day of GnRH antagonist administration, 1 day after, and on the day of hCG administration. Main outcome measure(s) A threshold of 0.5 IU/L on the day of hCG was chosen to discriminate between women with LH concentrations ≤0.5 IU/L (group A, n = 119) or >0.5 IU/L (group B, n = 151). Result(s) The two groups were comparable with regard to the clinical parameters. In group A, significantly lower LH concentrations were observed on day 9 of the cycle and on the day of hCG administration. The numbers of oocytes retrieved, embryos obtained, and embryos cryopreserved were significantly higher in group A compared with group B. The proportion of clinical pregnancies was similar in the two groups (21.1% vs. 22.7 % per ET). Conclusion(s) In GnRH antagonist and rFSH protocols, suppressed serum LH concentrations do not have any influence on the final stages of follicular maturation, pregnancy rates, or outcomes. © 2004 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

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Merviel, P., Antoine, J. M., Mathieu, E., Millot, F., Mandelbaum, J., & Uzan, S. (2004). Luteinizing hormone concentrations after gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist administration do not influence pregnancy rates in in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer. Fertility and Sterility, 82(1), 119–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2003.11.040

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