A novel ferroptosis-related lncRNA signature for prognosis prediction in gastric cancer

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Background: Gastric cancer (GC) is a common malignant cancer with a poor prognosis. Ferroptosis has been shown to play crucial roles in GC development. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is also associated with tumor progression in GC. This study aimed to screen the prognostic ferroptosis-related lncRNAs and to construct a prognostic risk model for GC. Methods: Ferroptosis-related lncRNAs from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) GC expression data was downloaded. First, single factor Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to select seven prognostic ferroptosis-related lncRNAs from TCGA database. And then, the selected lncRNAs were further included in the multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis to establish the prognostic model. A nomogram was constructed to predict individual survival probability. Finally, we performed quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to verify the risk model. Results: We constructed a prognostic ferroptosis-related lncRNA signature in this study. Kaplan-Meier curve analysis revealed a significantly better prognosis for the low-risk group than for the high-risk group (P = 2.036e-05). Multivariate Cox proportional risk regression analysis demonstrated that risk score was an independent prognostic factor [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.798, 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.410–2.291, P < 0.001]. A nomogram, receiver operating characteristic curve, and principal component analysis were used to predict individual prognosis. Finally, the expression levels of AP003392.1, AC245041.2, AP001271.1, and BOLA3-AS1 in GC cell lines and normal cell lines were tested by qRT-PCR. Conclusions: This risk model was shown to be a novel method for predicting prognosis for GC patients.




Wei, J., Zeng, Y., Gao, X., & Liu, T. (2021). A novel ferroptosis-related lncRNA signature for prognosis prediction in gastric cancer. BMC Cancer, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-021-08975-2

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