Background The increasing incidence and prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) demands new therapeutic approaches for treating the disease. We investigated the therapeutic efficacy of immunomodulator FTY720 ointment (fingolimod) for mite-induced intractable AD using an NC/Nga mouse model. Methods Female NC/Nga mice that developed severe AD were divided into four groups: (1) FTY720 (0.001% FTY720 ointment), (2) tacrolimus (tacrolimus hydrate ointment) (3) betamethasone (betamethasone ointment), and (4) ointment base (hydrophilic petrolatum), all of which received treatment six times per week. Therapeutic efficacy after two weeks was evaluated in terms of AD severity, histochemical observations (epidermal hypertrophy, mast cell accumulation, and CD3+ T cell infiltration), transepidermal water loss (TEWL), and epidermal barrier function (filaggrin expression). Results Betamethasone treatment showed little effect, confirming that the AD was intractable. In the FTY720 group, AD improved significantly compared with the ointment base group, as did epidermal hypertrophy, mast cell accumulation, and CD3+ T cell infiltration. In contrast, AD in the tacrolimus and betamethasone groups did not improve significantly, nor did epidermal hypertrophy or mast cell accumulation. Furthermore, in the FTY720 group, TEWL decreased significantly compared with the ointment base group, and filaggrin expression significantly increased compared with the betamethasone and ointment base groups. Conclusions FTY720 ointment is a promising candidate for treatment of intractable AD. These findings also provide the first evidence that FTY720 ointment ameliorates epidermal barrier function.
Tsuji, T., Okuno, S., Kuroda, A., Hamazaki, J., Chikami, T., Sakurai, S., … Kohno, T. (2016). Therapeutic approach to mite-induced intractable dermatitis using novel immunomodulator FTY720 ointment (fingolimod) in NC/Nga mice. Allergology International, 65(2), 172–179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alit.2015.10.009