Cecropin B is a natural antimicrobial peptide and CB1a is a custom, engineered modification of it. In vitro, CB1a can kill lung cancer cells at concentrations that do not kill normal lung cells. Furthermore, in vitro, CB1a can disrupt cancer cells from adhering together to form tumor-like spheroids. Mice were xenografted with human lung cancer cells; CB1a could significantly inhibit the growth of tumors in this in vivo model. Docetaxel is a drug in present clinical use against lung cancers; it can have serious side effects because its toxicity is not sufficiently limited to cancer cells. In our studies in mice: CB1a is more toxic to cancer cells than docetaxel, but dramatically less toxic to healthy cells.
Huang, C. Y., Huang, H. Y., Forrest, M. D., Pan, Y. R., Wu, W. J., & Chen, H. M. (2014). Inhibition effect of a custom peptide on lung tumors. PLoS ONE, 9(10). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109174