Femtosecond laser–assisted arcuate keratotomy at the time of cataract surgery for the management of preexisting astigmatism

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of femtosecond laser–assisted arcuate keratotomy combined with cataract surgery in eyes with low-to-moderate corneal astigmatism. Setting: Eyes of York Private Practice Ophthalmology Clinic, York, Pennsylvania, USA. Design: Retrospective case series. Methods: This retrospective analysis included case records of patients with preexisting corneal astigmatism ranging from 0.5 to 2.0 diopter (D). Study parameters included corneal astigmatism, refractive astigmatism, and uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuities. The results, which were analyzed at 3 months postoperatively, included frequency distribution histograms, vector analysis, and single-angle polar plots. Results: The study comprised case records of 189 eyes of 143 patients (56 men and 87 women). The postoperative refractive astigmatism was reduced significantly compared with preoperative corneal astigmatism to 0.14 D ± 0.23 (SD) from 0.92 ± 0.34 D (P < .001). One hundred eighty-one eyes (95.8%) demonstrated postoperative refractive astigmatism of 0.5 D or less. The mean surgically induced change along the preoperative steep axis was −0.59 ± 0.56 D, and the change along the orthogonal axis was 0.01 ± 0.35 D. Postoperatively, 171 eyes (90.5%) had astigmatism angle of error of 15 degrees or less. The postoperative mean UDVA and CDVA were 0.09 ± 0.16 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) and 0.02 ± 0.05 logMAR, respectively. One hundred seventy eyes (90%) had a postoperative UDVA of 20/30 or better. The results demonstrated stability at 12 months postoperatively. No intraoperative or postoperative arcuate keratotomy-related events were observed. Conclusion: The results suggest that femtosecond laser–assisted arcuate keratotomy represents a safe and effective method for astigmatism correction at the time of cataract surgery with demonstrated stability of correction for at least 1 year postoperatively.

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APA

Visco, D. M., Bedi, R., & Packer, M. (2019). Femtosecond laser–assisted arcuate keratotomy at the time of cataract surgery for the management of preexisting astigmatism. Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, 45(12), 1762–1769. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2019.08.002

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