We present a study of what may be called an intrinsic metric for a general regular Dirichlet form. For such forms we then prove a Rademacher type theorem. For strongly local forms we show existence of a maximal intrinsic metric (under a weak continuity condition) and for Dirichlet forms with an absolutely continuous jump kernel we characterize intrinsic metrics by bounds on certain integrals. We then turn to applications on spectral theory and provide for (measure perturbation of) general regular Dirichlet forms an Allegretto-Piepenbrink type theorem, which is based on a ground state transform, and a Shnol' type theorem. Our setting includes Laplacian on manifolds, on graphs and α-stable processes. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Frank, R. L., Lenz, D., & Wingert, D. (2014). Intrinsic metrics for non-local symmetric Dirichlet forms and applications to spectral theory. Journal of Functional Analysis, 266(8), 4765–4808. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfa.2014.02.008