Identification of Staphylococcus strains isolated from bovine mastitis by PCR and 16S rDNA sequencing

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify the species of 100 isolates of Staphylococcus from mastitis in dairy cows from herds located in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. PCR reactions were carried out using specific primers described previously for S. aureus (femA gene), S. intermedius (16S rDNA) and S. hyicus (16S-23S rDNA spacer region). In addition, products of amplification of variable regions of the 16S rDNA gene of the strains were sequenced. According to the results of the PCR, 83 strains were identified as S. aureus, 13 as S. intermedius, two as S. hyicus and two isolates were not identified. The sequencing of 16S rDNA was applied to 23 strains identified by PCR amplifications: six S. aureus and the strains identified as S. intermedius (n=13), S. hyicus (n=2) or not identified (n=2). The sequencing of 16S rDNA confirmed the six strains as S. aureus. The others 17 strains were identified as S. chromogenes (13 isolates) and S. hyicus (four isolates). Each sample was related to a specie according to the smallest E-value and highest similarity (≥ 99%). The identification of S. hyicus and S. chromogenes was accomplished only by 16S rDNA sequencing.

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Lange, C. C., Brito, M. A. V. P., Brito, J. R. F., Arcuri, E. F., Souza, G. N., Machado, M. A., … Salimena, A. P. S. (2011). Identification of Staphylococcus strains isolated from bovine mastitis by PCR and 16S rDNA sequencing. Pesquisa Veterinaria Brasileira, 31(1), 36–40. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0100-736x2011000100006

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