Purpose Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) products contain various amounts of dimeric IgG complexes. Current insights into the possible biological activities of these dimers remain controversial, and both immunemodulating and immune-activating effects have been reported. Here, we analyzed the putative immune-activating effects of dimers isolated from IVIg. Methods Dimers isolated from IVIg were purified by high-performance size-exclusion chromatography (HP-SEC) and tested for the ability to induce neutrophil degranulation in vitro. Results Dimers isolated from IVIg were found to be incapable of inducing in vitro neutrophil degranulation or complement activation, even at concentrations exceeding those expected to be reached upon administration in patients. These results depend on the removal of artefactual activation by using 0.1 micron filtration and the use of poloxamer to prevent adsorption of IgG onto the solid phase. Conclusions The data suggest dimeric IgG found in IVIg may bind to Fc-receptors without causing activation.
Kustiawan, I., Derksen, N. I. L., Guhr, T., Kruithof, S., Jiskoot, W., Vidarsson, G., & Rispens, T. (2018). Dimeric IgG complexes from IVIg are incapable of inducing in vitro neutrophil degranulation or complement activation. PLoS ONE, 13(4). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195729