Evaluation of embryotoxic and embryostatic effects of the aqueous extract of rhizophora mangle and tannic acid on eggs and larvae of Aedes aegypti

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Abstract

Rhizophora mangle is an abundant plant in mangroves and tannic acid is a polyphenol produced by the secondary metabolism of plants. The aim of the study was to evaluate the embryotoxic and embriostatic effects of the aqueous extract of R. mangle and synthetic tannic acid on eggs and larvae of Aedes aegypti. A. aegypti eggs were exposed in duplicate at concentrations of 250, 500, 750 and 1000 μg/mL of extract and tannic acid for a period of 14 days. Mineral water was used as a negative control. The eggs were observed and counted in a stereomicroscope (1.2x). In all extract concentrations there was stimulation in hatching in relation to the control, but only in concentration of 750 mg/mL it was statistically significant. In tannic acid (250μg/ml) there was significant stimulus in hatching, but in 500, 750 and 1000 μg/mL there was significant inhibition. All concentrations of aqueous extract and tannic acid on larvae showed embryotoxic and embryostatic effects when compared to the control. The aqueous extract of R. mangle showed effect on hatching of A. aegypti eggs and synthetic tannic acid showed embryotoxic and embryostatic effects. On larvae, both the aqueous extract as tannic acid showed embryotoxic and embryostatic effects.

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Neto, A. A. R., Gomes Júnior, P. P., Silva, M. C., Lima, C. S. A., Yara, R., Guimarães, E. B., … Vieira, J. R. C. (2018). Evaluation of embryotoxic and embryostatic effects of the aqueous extract of rhizophora mangle and tannic acid on eggs and larvae of Aedes aegypti. Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 90(2), 2141–2148. https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201720170297

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