Predicting formation of adhesions after gynaecological surgery: development of a risk score

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Purpose: Risk factors for post-surgical adhesions following gynaecological surgery have been identified, but their relative importance has not been precisely determined. No practical tool exists to help gynaecological surgeons evaluate the risk of adhesions in their patients. The purpose of the study was to develop an Adhesion Risk Score to provide a simple tool that will enable gynaecological surgeons to routinely quantify the risk of post-surgical adhesions in individual patients. Methods: A group of European gynaecological surgeons searched the literature to identify the risk factors and the surgical operations reported as carrying a risk of post-surgical adhesions. Through consensus process of meetings and communication, a four-point scale was then used by each surgeon to attribute a specific weight to each item and collective agreement reached on identified risk factors and their relative importance to allow construct of a useable risk score. Results: Ten preoperative and 10 intraoperative risk factors were identified and weighed, leading to the creation of two sub-scores to identify women at risk prior to and during surgery. The Preoperative Risk Score can range from 0 to 36, and the Intraoperative Risk Score from 3 to 31. Several thresholds between these limits may be used to identify women with low, medium, and high risk of post-surgical adhesions. Conclusions: Gynaecological surgeons are encouraged to use this Adhesion Risk Score to identify the risk of adhesions in their patients. This will allow better informed use of available resources to target preventive measures in women at high risk of post-surgical adhesions.




Lundorff, P., Brölmann, H., Koninckx, P. R., Mara, M., Wattiez, A., Wallwiener, M., … De Wilde, R. L. (2015). Predicting formation of adhesions after gynaecological surgery: development of a risk score. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 292(4), 931–938.

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