Background: The objective of the study was to evaluate and compare how apical enlargement with K3 and K3XF nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments reduces the root thickness in the danger zone and affects canal transportation and centering ability in mandibular molar mesial canals in a manikin extracted tooth model. Material and Methods: Seventy-two mesial root canals of first mandibular molars were instrumented. Initial and post-instrumentation Cone Beam Computed Tomography scans were performed after root canal preparation up to size 25, 30, 35 and 40 files. Canal transportation, canal centering and remaining root dentin thickness toward the danger zone were calculated in sections 1, 2 and 3 mm under the furcation level. Data were analyzed using nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance at a significance level of P < 0.05. Results: K3 instruments removed more dentin toward the danger zone compared with K3XF instruments (P < .05) and significant differences in dentin thickness were found when canal enlargement was performed to a #35-40 with both systems (P < 0.05). No significant differences in canal transportation and centering ability were found between systems, except when canal enlargement was performed to a #40 (P = 0,0136). No differences were observed when comparing the number of uses in both systems (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Under the conditions of this study K3 removed a significant amount of dentin at the furcation level compared with the R-Phase K3XF rotary system in curved root canals. Enlargement to a 35-40/04 file removed significantly more dentin with both systems.
Olivieri, J. G., García-Font, M., Gonzalez-Sanchez, J. A., Roig-Cayon, M., & Durán-Sindreu, F. (2016). Danger zone analysis using cone beam computed tomography after apical enlargement with K3 and K3XF in a manikin model. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 18(4), 361–367. https://doi.org/10.4317/jced.52523