Choroidal Neovascularization Analyzed on Ultrahigh-Speed Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Compared to Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography

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Abstract

Purpose To compare visualization of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) using an ultrahigh-speed swept-source (SS) optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) prototype vs a spectral-domain (SD) OCTA device. Design Comparative analysis of diagnostic instruments. Methods Patients were prospectively recruited to be imaged on SD OCT and SS OCT devices on the same day. The SD OCT device employed is the RTVue Avanti (Optovue, Inc, Fremont, California, USA), which operates at ∼840 nm wavelength and 70 000 A-scans/second. The SS OCT device used is an ultrahigh-speed long-wavelength prototype that operates at ∼1050 nm wavelength and 400 000 A-scans/second. Two observers independently measured the CNV area on OCTA en face images from the 2 devices. The nonparametric Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare area measurements and P values of <.05 were considered statistically significant. Results Fourteen eyes from 13 patients were enrolled. The CNV in 11 eyes (78.6%) were classified as type 1, 2 eyes (14.3%) as type 2, and 1 eye (7.1%) as mixed type. Total CNV area measured using SS OCT and SD OCT 3 mm × 3 mm OCTA were 0.949 ± 1.168 mm2 and 0.340 ± 0.301 mm2, respectively (P =.001). For the 6 mm × 6 mm OCTA the total CNV area using SS OCT and SD OCT were 1.218 ± 1.284 mm2 and 0.604 ± 0.597 mm2, respectively (P =.0019). The field of view did not significantly affect the measured CNV area (P =.19 and P =.18 for SS OCT and SD OCT, respectively). Conclusion SS OCTA yielded significantly larger CNV areas than SD OCTA. It is possible that SS OCTA is better able to demarcate the full extent of CNV vasculature.

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Novais, E. A., Adhi, M., Moult, E. M., Louzada, R. N., Cole, E. D., Husvogt, L., … Waheed, N. K. (2016). Choroidal Neovascularization Analyzed on Ultrahigh-Speed Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Compared to Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 164, 80–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2016.01.011

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