© The Author(s) 2015. Published by ECS. The effect of hydrogen sulfide ions (HS-) on the passivity of type 316L stainless steel was investigated in pH 8.4 boric acid-borate buffer solution. Galvanostatic polarization of a silver microelectrode covered with Ag2S generated both OH- and HS- above the stainless steel surface. During potentiostatic polarization of the stainless steel, the passivity-maintaining current density increased with increase in the concentration of HS- in the vicinity of the surface. The impedance of the stainless steel at a constant frequency decreased during polarization in the presence of HS-, while it was sustained after dilution of HS-. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), Mott-Schottky (M-S) analysis and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) showed that a defective and n-type semiconductive passive film was formed in the solution containing HS-. Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) revealed that metal cations and oxygen vacancies in the passive film on the stainless steel increased when it was formed in a HS--containing solution. The series of changes in passive film properties is thought to be due to adsorption of HS- on the film surface during the polarization.
Lee, J.-S., Kitagawa, Y., Nakanishi, T., Hasegawa, Y., & Fushimi, K. (2015). Effect of Hydrogen Sulfide Ions on the Passive Behavior of Type 316L Stainless Steel. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 162(14), C685–C692. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0861512jes