Antigen-specific tumor immunotherapy remains an attractive strategy for the treatment of malignancies. In this review we will discuss why, despite the identification of large numbers of T cell recognised tumor antigens, effective immunotherapy remains a formidable challenge. Effective strategies are needed to deal with the tolerogenic properties of many tumor antigens, and with the immunocompromised status of patients. We discuss different methods of generating tumor-specific T cells which are currently being evaluated in clinical practice, such as vaccination and adoptive transfer of tumor antigen-specific T cells. Finally, we shall discuss novel strategies in development, such as the adoptive transfer of T cell receptor (TCR) gene modified T cells to establish antigen-specific immunity in patients with leukemia and solid cancers. The transfer of validated high avidity TCRs, isolated from 'non-tolerant' repertoires or produced by in vitro affinity maturation, can serve to equip patient T cells with new anti-tumor specificities that are not naturally present in the autologous repertoire. TCR transfer into CD4+ and CD8+ T cells can serve to harness the function of both helper and cytotoxic T cells for tumor elimination and establishment of long-term tumor immunity. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Morris, E., Hart, D., Gao, L., Tsallios, A., Xue, S. A., & Stauss, H. (2006). Generation of tumor-specific T-cell therapies. Blood Reviews, 20(2), 61–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.blre.2005.05.001