Because little information is available regarding the clinical performance of the Hancock porcine bioprosthesis (Johnson and Johnson Cardiovascular, King of Prussia, Pa.) implanted in the tricuspid position, we received the long-term follow-up of patients who had tricuspid valve replacement with this device. From March 1970 to December 1983, 45 patients had tricuspid valve replacement, either isolated (seven patients) or combined with replacement of other valves (38 patients) by means of a standard, glutaraldehyde-preserved Hancock porcine bioprosthesis. Follow-up ranged from 0.2 to 14.7 years (mean, 7.6 ± 3.6 years) and was complete. The late mortality rate was 6.6% ± 1.6%/pt-yr and the actuarial survival rate at 14 years was 23% ± 9%. Reoperation because of structural deterioration of the tricuspid, the mitral, or both bioprostheses was performed in nine patients (3.7% ± 1.2%/pt-yr) from 40 to 177 months (mean, 112 ± 43 months) and resulted in no deaths. Actuarial freedom from structural deterioration of a Hancock tricuspid porcine bioprosthesis at 14 years is 68% ± 13%. Morphologic examination of explanted porcine bioprostheses showed that those implanted in the tricuspid position had lower degrees of calcification and less severe structural changes than those simultaneously explanted from the mitral position. We conclude that the Hancock porcine bioprosthesis has an acceptable long-term durability and satisfactory performance after tricuspid valve replacement, and we continue to favor its use in the tricuspid position even in association with mechanical prostheses in the left side of the heart.
Guerra, F., Bortolotti, U., Thiene, G., Milano, A., Mazzucco, A., Talenti, E., … Gallucci, V. (1990). Long-term performance of the Hancock porcine bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position. A review of forty-five patients with fourteen-year follow-up. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 99(5), 838–845. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5223(19)36898-9