Access of Ground Water Quality with Associated Physico-Chemical Parameters of Cuttack District, Odisha, India

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Abstract

The aim of present investigation was to analyze the variations in the physio-chemical properties of the ground water of Cuttack district Odisha. In the present study 98 samples were collected and analyzed to assess the quality of ground water. The pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total hardness and total alkalinity of the collected 98 samples were in the range of 4.6-7.3, 36-4550 μS/cm, 40-200 mgl-1, 20-680 mgl-1 respectively. Similarly, the other important water quality parameters such as; chloride, nitrate sulphate and phosphate concentration were varies between BDL-327, 1.8-86.25, BDL-194 and BDL to 3.2 mgl-1 respectively. The pH of the alluvial groundwater is controlled by the HCO3. The fluoride concentration was varies from BDL to 2.38 mgl-1. Apart from few samples, 90.81% fluoride contaminated samples comes under the category of quality group A (< 1 mgl-1flouride). Similarly, out of total samples collected only in three samples the uranium concentration estimated to be more than 5ppb. Among the water quality parameters there exist a positive correlation between pH and fluoride with a correlation coefficient of 0.641. From the correlation analysis it is found that, higher concentration of fluorid correlated with higher pH. Similarly the correlation coefficient between calcium and chloride is very high i.e. 0.500, which strongly supported the existence of calcium in the study area is predominantly in the form of CaCl2. Most of the ground water samples meet the requirements of the WHO drinking water standards with respect to salinity, main constituents and potentially toxic trace elements such as uranium

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Access of Ground Water Quality with Associated Physico-Chemical Parameters of Cuttack District, Odisha, India. (2019). International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering, 8(12S), 260–267. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.l1072.10812s19

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