Circ_DOCK1 regulates USP11 through miR-132-3p to control colorectal cancer progression

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Abstract

Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) take part in colorectal cancer malignancies. CircRNA dedicator of cytokinesis 1 (circ_DOCK1) is involved in colorectal cancer progression, but the mechanism underlying this circRNA that takes part in colorectal cancer development remains largely undetermined. Methods: Tumor and normal para-cancerous tissues were collected from 42 colorectal cancer patients. Human colorectal cancer cell lines (HCT116 and SW480) were used for the experiments in vitro. Circ_DOCK1, microRNA (miR)-132-3p, and ubiquitin-specific protease 11 (USP11) levels were measured through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Cell growth, metastasis, and apoptosis were investigated via colony formation, 5-ethynyl-2′-deoxyuridine (EdU) staining, MTT, flow cytometry, Western blotting, and transwell analyses. The target association was evaluated via dual-luciferase reporter analysis, RNA pull-down, and immunoprecipitation (RIP). Xenograft assay was performed using HCT116 cells. USP11 and Ki67 levels in tumor tissues were detected via immunohistochemistry. Results: Circ_DOCK1 expression was enhanced in colorectal cancer tissues and cells. Silencing circ_DOCK1 repressed cell growth, migration, and invasion, and facilitated apoptosis. Circ_DOCK1 sponged miR-132-3p, and miR-132-3p silence mitigated the effect of circ_DOCK1 interference on cell growth, metastasis, and apoptosis. MiR-132-3p targeted USP11, and circ_DOCK1 could regulate USP11 level by miR-132-3p. MiR-132-3p suppressed cell growth, metastasis, and apoptosis, and USP11 attenuated these effects. Knockdown of circ_DOCK1 decreased colorectal cancer cell xenograft tumor growth. Conclusion: Circ_DOCK1 interference suppressed cell growth and metastasis, and increased apoptosis of colorectal cancer via decreasing USP11 by increasing miR-132-3p.

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Zhang, W., Wang, Z., Cai, G., & Huang, P. (2021). Circ_DOCK1 regulates USP11 through miR-132-3p to control colorectal cancer progression. World Journal of Surgical Oncology, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12957-021-02173-x

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