Gross morphology of the brain of Pseudopimelodus bufonius (Valenciennes, 1840) (siluriformes: Pseudopimelodidae)

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The gross morphology of the brain of the pseudopimelodid Pseudopimelodus bufonius is described and compared with congeners. Observations were made on removed brains after elimination of bones from the top of the skull and severing of the cranial nerves and the spinal cord. Nine morphometric characters associated with the major subdivisions of the brain were identified, seven of which revealed significant differences among the species examined. The corpus cerebelli in all examined species of the genus is the largest structure of the brain. The behavior of the species of Pseudopimelodus is still unknown, but in other teleosts that condition is typically correlated with a higher degree of motor coordination. Relative size proportions of the tectum opticum, eminentia granularis, lobus facialis and lobus vagi, might be related to carnivory and an enhanced capacity for food selection.




Abrahão, V. P., & Shibatta, O. A. (2015). Gross morphology of the brain of Pseudopimelodus bufonius (Valenciennes, 1840) (siluriformes: Pseudopimelodidae). Neotropical Ichthyology, 13(2), 255–264.

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