Studies on the synthesis of esters of natural origin fatty acids (oleic acid) and a branched synthetic isostearic acid derived from oleic acid with commercially available selected higher polyols in the presence of homogeneous metallic catalysts have been carried out. The effects of the synthesis temperature, molar ratio and the catalysts amount have also been studied. It was shown that higher fatty acid conversion and selectivity to tri- and tetraesters were obtained for organotin catalyst Fascat 2003, which was used as the esterification catalyst. Anti-wear test confirmed good tribological properties of the obtained esters.
Nowicki, J., Stańczyk, D., Drabik, J., Mosio-Mosiewski, J., Woszczyński, P., & Warzała, M. (2016). Synthesis of Fatty Acid Esters of Selected Higher Polyols Over Homogeneous Metallic Catalysts. JAOCS, Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society, 93(7), 973–981. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11746-016-2840-7