Culturally Consistent Treatment for Late Talkers

  • Wing C
  • Kohnert K
  • Pham G
  • et al.
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The authors discuss cultural influences on clinical interactions when treating late talkers, 2- to 3-year-old children with primary language delays. They use the literature to examine the cultural relevance of core components of early language treatment and propose alternative professional actions in the cases of cultural mismatches. Alternative actions include triadic or multiparty treatments, the inclusion of siblings or others, more structured tasks or group settings for language training, and shaping of culturally congruent directive language techniques. Also discussed is the need for an emphasis on social language use and professional clarity regarding links between early child language ability and later achievements in order to motivate treatment.




Wing, C., Kohnert, K., Pham, G., Cordero, K. N., Ebert, K. D., Pui Fong Kan, & Blaiser, K. (2007). Culturally Consistent Treatment for Late Talkers. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 29(1), 20–27.

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