Biocontrol Activity of the Local Strain of Metschnikowia pulcherrima on Different Postharvest Pathogens

  • Türkel S
  • Korukluoğlu M
  • Yavuz M
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Abstract

The strains of the yeast Metschnikowia pulcherrima have strong biocontrol activity against various microorganisms. Biocontrol activity of M. pulcherrima largely depends on its iron immobilizing pigment pulcherrimin. Biocontrol activity of pulcherrimin producing strain, M. pulcherrima UMY15, isolated from local vineyards, was tested on different molds that cause food spoilage. M. pulcherrima UMY15 was a very effective biocontrol agent against Penicillium roqueforti , P. italicum , P. expansum , and Aspergillus oryzae in in-vitro plate tests. However, the inhibitory activity of M. pulcherrima UMY15 was less effective on Fusarium sp. and A. niger species in biocontrol assays. In addition, M. pulcherrima UMY15 strain completely inhibited the germination and mycelia growth of A. oryzae , A. parasiticus , and Fusarium sp. spores on artificial wounds of apples when they coinoculated with M. pulcherrima UMY15. Moreover, when coinoculated, M. pulcherrima UMY15 strain also inhibited the growth of P. roqueforti , P. italicum , P. expansum , A. oryzae , Fusarium sp ., and Rhizopus sp . in grape juice, indicating that M. pulcherrima UMY15 can be used as a very effective biocontrol yeast against various species of postharvest pathogens, including Penicillium , Aspergillus , Fusarium , and Rhizopus .

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Türkel, S., Korukluoğlu, M., & Yavuz, M. (2014). Biocontrol Activity of the Local Strain of Metschnikowia pulcherrima on Different Postharvest Pathogens . Biotechnology Research International, 2014, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/397167

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