Exploiting the huge amount of data collected by industries is definitely one of the main challenges of the so-called Big Data era. In this sense, Machine Learning has gained growing attention in the scientific community, as it allows to extract valuable information by means of statistical predictive models trained on historical process data. In Semiconductor Manufacturing, one of the most extensively employed data-driven applications is Virtual Metrology, where a costly or unmeasurable variable is estimated by means of cheap and easy to obtain measures that are already available in the system. Often, these measures are multi-dimensional, so traditional Machine Learning algorithms cannot handle them directly. Instead, they require feature extraction, that is a preliminary step where relevant information is extracted from raw data and converted into a design matrix. Features are often hand-engineered and based on specific domain knowledge. Moreover, they may be difficult to scale and prone to information loss, affecting the effectiveness and maintainability of machine learning procedures. In this paper, we present a Deep Learning method for semi-supervised feature extraction based on Convolutional Autoencoders that is able to overcome the aforementioned problems. The proposed method is tested on a real dataset for Etch rate estimation. Optical Emission Spectrometry data, that exhibit a complex bi-dimensional time and wavelength evolution, are used as input.
Maggipinto, M., Masiero, C., Beghi, A., & Susto, G. A. (2018). A Convolutional Autoencoder Approach for Feature Extraction in Virtual Metrology. In Procedia Manufacturing (Vol. 17, pp. 126–133). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.10.023