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Aortic aneurysm (AA) is defined as an enlargement of the aorta greater than 1.5 times its normal size. Early diagnosis of AA is challenging and mortality of AA is high. Curative pharmacological treatments for AA are still lacking, highlighting the need for better understanding of the underlying mechanisms of AA progression. Accumulating studies have proven that the polarization state of circulating monocyte-derived macrophages plays a crucial role in regulating the development of AA. Distinct macrophage subtypes display different functions. Several studies targeting macrophage polarization during AA formation and progression showed potential treatment effects. In this review, we focus on the recent advances of research on macrophage polarization in the progression of AA and propose that targeting macrophage polarization could hold great promise for preventing and treating AA.
Cheng, Z., Zhou, Y. Z., Wu, Y., Wu, Q. Y., Liao, X. B., Fu, X. M., & Zhou, X. M. (2018, December 13). Diverse roles of macrophage polarization in aortic aneurysm: Destruction and repair. Journal of Translational Medicine. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-018-1731-0