Acanthifolicin (9,10-epithio-okadaic acid from Pandoras acanthifolium) inhibited protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) similarly to okadaic acid (IC50 = 20 nM and 19 nM, respectively) but was slightly less active against protein phosphatase-2A (PP2A) (IC50 1 nM and 0.2 nM, respectively). Methyl esterification of acanthifolicin sharply reduced its activity. PP2A was inhibited with an IC50 = 5.0 μM, whilst PP1 was inhibited < 10% at 250 μM toxin. Okadaic acid methyl ester was similarly inactive whereas dinophysistoxin-1 (35-methyl okadaic acid) inhibited PP1/2A almost as potently as okadaic acid. Pure acanthifolicin/okadaic acid methyl ester may be useful as specific inhibitors of PP2A at 1-10 μM concentrations in vitro and perhaps in vivo. The data also indicate that a region on these toxins important for PP1/2A inhibition comprises the single carboxyl group. © 1990.
Holmes1, C. F. B., Luu1, H. A., Carrier1, F., & Schmitz, F. J. (1990). Inhibition of protein phosphatases-1 and -2A with acanthifolicin. Comparison with diarrhetic shellfish toxins and identification of a region on okadaic acid important for phosphatase inhibition. FEBS Letters, 270(1–2), 216–218. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(90)81271-O