Microelectronic fibers for multiplexed sweat sensing

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Wearable bioelectronics are gaining extraordinary attention due to their capabilities to achieve continuous monitoring of human health status. However, mainstream manufacturing technologies, including photolithography and printing technology, limit current wearable bioelectronics on 2D planar structures with little surface area in contact with the body. It thus limits the amount of physiological information that current wearable bioelectronics could obtain. Furthermore, they need to be firmly attached to the body, affecting the wearing comfort. In this study, we leveraged the versatile thermal drawing process and developed a flexible microelectronic fiber with bioanalytical functions that could be woven into textiles as a new form of wearable bioelectronics. Within a single strand of fiber, we successfully integrated all-in-one multiplexed electrochemical sensing capabilities, with the sweat as the primary object. Adopting the laser micromachining technique, we developed biosensing functions on the longitudinal surface of the fiber with two sensing electrodes for Na+ and uric acid (UA), respectively, together with a pseudo reference electrode (p-RE). We carefully characterized the all-in-one multiplexed sensing performance of the fiber and demonstrated its successful application in sweat sensing based on its textile forms. The results show significant potential for application in wearable textiles for monitoring key health signals of humans. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].




Wu, J., Sato, Y., & Guo, Y. (2023). Microelectronic fibers for multiplexed sweat sensing. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 415(18), 4307–4318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00216-022-04510-9

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