Structural and Functional Insights into a Peptide Bond-Forming Bidomain from a Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase

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Abstract

The crystal structure of the bidomain PCP-C from modules 5 and 6 of the nonribosomal tyrocidine synthetase TycC was determined at 1.8 Å resolution. The bidomain structure reveals a V-shaped condensation domain, the canyon-like active site groove of which is associated with the preceding peptidyl carrier protein (PCP) domain at its donor side. The relative arrangement of the PCP and the peptide bond-forming condensation (C) domain places the active sites ∼50 Å apart. Accordingly, this PCP-C structure represents a conformational state prior to peptide transfer from the donor-PCP to the acceptor-PCP domain, implying the existence of additional states of PCP-C domain interaction during catalysis. Additionally, PCP-C exerts a mode of cyclization activity that mimics peptide bond formation catalyzed by C domains. Based on mutational data and pK value analysis of active site residues, it is suggested that nonribosomal peptide bond formation depends on electrostatic interactions rather than on general acid/base catalysis. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Samel, S. A., Schoenafinger, G., Knappe, T. A., Marahiel, M. A., & Essen, L. O. (2007). Structural and Functional Insights into a Peptide Bond-Forming Bidomain from a Nonribosomal Peptide Synthetase. Structure, 15(7), 781–792. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.str.2007.05.008

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