18F-FDG PET, the early phases and the delivery rate of 18F-AV45 PET as proxies of cerebral blood flow in Alzheimer's disease: Validation against 15O-H2O PET

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Abstract

Introduction: Dual-biomarker positron emission tomography (PET), providing complementary information on cerebral blood flow and amyloid-β deposition, is of clinical interest for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The purpose of this study was to validate the perfusion components of early-phase 18F-florbetapir (eAV45), the 18F-AV45 delivery rate (R1), and 18F-FDG against 15O-H2O PET and assess how they change with disease severity. Methods: This study included ten controls, 19 amnestic mild cognitive impairment, and 10 AD dementia subjects. Within-subject regional correlations between modalities, between-group regional and voxel-wise analyses of covariance per modality, and receiver operating characteristic analyses for discrimination between groups were performed. Results: FDG standardized uptake value ratio, eAV45 (0–2 min) standardized uptake value ratio, and AV45-R1 were significantly associated with H2O PET (regional Pearson r = 0.54–0.82, 0.70–0.94, and 0.65–0.92, respectively; P <.001). All modalities confirmed reduced cerebral blood flow in the posterior cingulate of patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment and AD dementia, which was associated with lower cognition (r = 0.36–0.65, P <.025) and could discriminate between patient and control groups (area under the curve > 0.80). However, eAV45 was less sensitive to reflect the disease severity than AV45-R1 or FDG. Discussion: R1 is preferable over eAV45 for accurate representation of brain perfusion in dual-biomarker PET for AD.

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Ottoy, J., Verhaeghe, J., Niemantsverdriet, E., De Roeck, E., wyffels, L., Ceyssens, S., … Staelens, S. (2019). 18F-FDG PET, the early phases and the delivery rate of 18F-AV45 PET as proxies of cerebral blood flow in Alzheimer’s disease: Validation against 15O-H2O PET. Alzheimer’s and Dementia, 15(9), 1172–1182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jalz.2019.05.010

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