We give a lower bound on the speed at which Newton's method (as defined in ) converges over arbitrary ω-continuous commutative semirings. From this result, we deduce that Newton's method converges within a finite number of iterations over any semiring which is "collapsed at some kεN" (i.e. k=k+1 holds) in the sense of Bloom and Ésik . We apply these results to (1) obtain a generalization of Parikh's theorem, (2) compute the provenance of Datalog queries, and (3) analyze weighted pushdown systems. We further show how to compute Newton's method over any ω-continuous semiring by constructing a grammar unfolding w.r.t. "tree dimension". We review several concepts equivalent to tree dimension and prove a new relation to pathwidth.
Luttenberger, M., & Schlund, M. (2016). Convergence of Newton’s Method over Commutative Semirings. Information and Computation, 246, 43–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ic.2015.11.008