Construction and characterization of a chitosan-immobilized-enzyme and β-cyclodextrin-included-ferrocene-based electrochemical biosensor for H2O2 detection

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Abstract

An electrochemical detection biosensor was prepared with the chitosan-immobilizedenzyme (CTS-CAT) and β-cyclodextrin-included-ferrocene (β-CD-FE) complex for the determination of H2O2. Ferrocene (FE) was included in β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) to increase its stability. The structure of the β-CD-FE was characterized. The inclusion amount, inclusion rate, and electrochemical properties of inclusion complexes were determined to optimize the reaction conditions for the inclusion. CTS-CAT was prepared by a step-by-step immobilization method, which overcame the disadvantages of the conventional preparation methods. The immobilization conditions were optimized to obtain the desired enzyme activity. CTS-CAT/β-CD-FE composite electrodes were prepared by compositing the CTS-CAT with the β-CD-FE complex on a glassy carbon electrode and used for the electrochemical detection of H2O2. It was found that the CTS-CAT could produce a strong reduction peak current in response to H2O2 and the β-CD-FE could amplify the current signal. The peak current exhibited a linear relationship with the H2O2 concentration in the range of 1.0 × 10-7-6.0 × 10-3 mol/L. Our work provided a novel method for the construction of electrochemical biosensors with a fast response, good stability, high sensitivity, and a wide linear response range based on the composite of chitosan and cyclodextrin.

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Dong, W., Wang, K., Chen, Y., Li, W., Ye, Y., & Jin, S. (2017). Construction and characterization of a chitosan-immobilized-enzyme and β-cyclodextrin-included-ferrocene-based electrochemical biosensor for H2O2 detection. Materials, 10(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ma10080868

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