Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a rare neuroendocrine neoplasm that accounts for approximately 5 of all thyroid malignancies. The natural history of MTC is characterized by early lymph node and distant metastases, making complete surgical cure often impossible. Conventional chemotherapy and external beam radiation have been largely ineffective in altering the natural history of MTC. Therefore, there is a great need to develop novel therapeutic strategies to affect symptom control and reduce tumor burden in patients with widely disseminated disease. Here, we review several pathways which have been shown to be vital in MTC tumorigenesis and focus on the pathways of interest for which targeted drug therapies are currently being developed. Copyright © 2009 Scott N. Pinchot et al.
Chen, H., Pinchot, S. N., Kunnimalaiyaan, M., & Sippel, R. S. (2009). Medullary thyroid carcinoma: Targeted therapies and future directions. Journal of Oncology. https://doi.org/10.1155/2009/183031