The introduction of the alkaline-earth element Magnesium (Mg) into Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CTZSSe) is explored in view of potential photovoltaic applications. Cu2Zn1-xMgxSn(S,Se)4 absorber layers with variable Mg content x = 0...1 are deposited using the solution approach with dimethyl sulfoxide solvent followed by annealing in selenium atmosphere. For heavy Mg alloying with x = 0.55...1 the phase separation into Cu2SnSe3, MgSe2, MgSe and SnSe2 occurs in agreement with literature predictions. A lower Mg content of x = 0.04 results in the kesterite phase as confirmed by XRD and Raman spectroscopy. A photoluminescence maximum is red-shifted by 0.02 eV as compared to the band-gap and a carrier concentration NCV of 1 × 1016 cm-3 is measured for a Mg-containing kesterite solar cell device. Raman spectroscopy indicates that structural defects can be reduced in Mg-containing absorbers as compared to the Mg-free reference samples, however the best device efficiency of 7.2% for a Mg-containing cell measured in this study is lower than those frequently reported for the conventional Na doping.
Caballero, R., Haass, S. G., Andres, C., Arques, L., Oliva, F., Izquierdo-Roca, V., & Romanyuk, Y. E. (2018). Effect of magnesium incorporation on solution-processed kesterite solar cells. Frontiers in Chemistry, 6(JAN). https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2018.00005