A Panel of CA19-9, Ca125, and Ca15-3 as the Enhanced Test for the Differential Diagnosis of the Pancreatic Lesion

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Abstract

Background. Proper diagnosis of pancreatic lesion etiology is a challenging clinical dilemma. Studies suggest that surgery for suspected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) reveals a benign lesion in 5% to 13% of cases. The aim of our study was to assess whether routinely used biomarkers such as CA19-9, Ca125, Ca15-3, and CEA, when combined, can potentially yield an accurate test predicting pancreatic lesion etiology. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed data of 326 patients who underwent a diagnostic process due to pancreatic lesions of unknown etiology. Results. We found statistically significant differences in mean levels of all biomarkers. In logistic regression model, we applied levels CA19-9, Ca125, and Ca15-3 as variables. Two validation methods were used, namely, random data split into training and validation groups and bootstrapping. Afterward, we built ROC curve using the model that we had created, reaching AUC = 0,801. With an optimal cut-off point, it achieved specificity of 81,2% and sensitivity of 63,10%. Our proposed model has superior diagnostic accuracy to both CA19-9 (p = 0,0194) and CA125 (p = 0,0026). Conclusion. We propose a test that is superior to CA19-9 in a differential diagnosis of pancreatic lesion etiology. Although our test fails to reach exceptionally high accuracy, its feasibility and cost-effectiveness make it clinically useful.

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Hogendorf, P., Skulimowski, A., Durczyński, A., Kumor, A., Poznańska, G., Oleśna, A., … Strzelczyk, J. (2017). A Panel of CA19-9, Ca125, and Ca15-3 as the Enhanced Test for the Differential Diagnosis of the Pancreatic Lesion. Disease Markers, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8629712

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