Variables associated with mouth breathing diagnosis in children based on a multidisciplinary assessment

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Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to identify variables associated with mouth breathing diagnosis in children, based on multidisciplinary domains. Methods: 119 children, six to 12 years old, underwent anamnesis, speech therapy (orofacial structures and stomatognathic functions), otorhinolaryngologic (OTRL) with clinical and endoscopic examinations, dental (occlusion) and physiotherapy (body posture and nasal patency) assessments. Nasal patency was evaluated using Peak Nasal Inspiratory Flow (PNIF) and the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale. A multiple logistic regression was performed considering breathing mode as the dependent variable and the co-variables from each multidisciplinary assessment as associated variables. Results: Association with MB diagnosis was found in each professional domain with: nasal obstruction report (Odds ratio - OR=5.55), time of pacifier use (OR=1.25), convex facial type (OR=3.78), obtuse nasal angle (OR=4.30), half-open or open lip posture (OR=4.13), tongue position on the mouth floor (OR=5.88), reduced hard palate width (OR=2.99), unexpected contraction during mastication (OR=2.97), obstructive pharyngeal tonsils (OR=8.37), Angle Class II malocclusion (OR=10.85) and regular gingival maintenance (OR=2.89). Conclusion: We concluded that a multidisciplinary diagnosis is important, given that each evaluation domain, including OTRL, dental and speech therapy, presented variables associated with MB diagnosis. Body posture and nasal patency variables were not associated with MB.

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Milanesi, J. de M., Berwig, L. C., Marquezan, M., Schuch, L. H., de Moraes, A. B., da Silva, A. M. T., & Corrêa, E. C. R. (2018). Variables associated with mouth breathing diagnosis in children based on a multidisciplinary assessment. CODAS, 30(4). https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20182017071

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