Complete mitochondrial genome of Eruca sativa Mill. (Garden rocket)

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Abstract

Eruca sativa (Cruciferae family) is an ancient crop of great economic and agronomic importance. Here, the complete mitochondrial genome of Eruca sativa was sequenced and annotated. The circular molecule is 247 696 bp long, with a G+C content of 45.07%, containing 33 protein-coding genes, three rRNA genes, and 18 tRNA genes. The Eruca sativa mitochondrial genome may be divided into six master circles and four subgenomic molecules via three pairwise large repeats, resulting in a more dynamic structure of the Eruca sativa mtDNA compared with other cruciferous mitotypes. Comparison with the Brassica napus MtDNA revealed that most of the genes with known function are conserved between these two mitotypes except for the ccmFN2 and rrn18 genes, and 27 point mutations were scattered in the 14 protein-coding genes. Evolutionary relationships analysis suggested that Eruca sativa is more closely related to the Brassica species and to Raphanus sativus than to Arabidopsis thaliana. © 2014 Wang et al.

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Wang, Y., Chu, P., Yang, Q., Chang, S., Chen, J., Hu, M., & Guan, R. (2014). Complete mitochondrial genome of Eruca sativa Mill. (Garden rocket). PLoS ONE, 9(8). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0105748

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