In fission yeast, the Swi5-Sfr1 complex plays an important role in homologous recombination (HR), a pathway crucial for the maintenance of genomic integrity. Here we identify and characterize mammalian Swi5 and Sfr1 homologues. Mouse Swi5 and Sfr1 are nuclear proteins that form a complex in vivo and in vitro. Swi5 interacts in vitro with Rad51, the DNA strandexchange protein which functions during HR. By generating Swi5-/- and Sfr1-/- embryonic stem cell lines, we found that both proteins are mutually interdependent for their stability. Importantly, the Swi5-Sfr1 complex plays a role in HR when Rad51 function is perturbed in vivo by expression of a BRC peptide from BRCA2. Swi5-/- and Sfr1-/- cells are selectively sensitive to agents that cause DNA strand breaks, in particular ionizing radiation, camptothecin, and the Parp inhibitor olaparib. Consistent with a role in HR, sister chromatid exchange induced by Parp inhibition is attenuated in Swi5-/- and Sfr1-/- cells, and chromosome aberrations are increased. Thus, Swi5-Sfr1 is a newly identified complex required for genomic integrity in mammalian cells with a specific role in the repair of DNA strand breaks. © 2010 Akamatsu, Jasin.
Akamatsu, Y., & Jasin, M. (2010). Role for the mammalian Swi5-Sfr1 complex in DNA strand break repair through homologous recombination. PLoS Genetics, 6(10), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1001160