Purpose: To determine whether tumor size correlates with histopathological involvement and hence evaluate the rationality of conservative treatment for retinoblastoma. Methods: We retrospectively studied 221 patients (221 eyes) treated for retinoblastoma with enucleation in the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center of Sun Yat-sen University, China, from October 1995 to December 2004. Histopathological data included involvement of the anterior chamber, sclera, choroids, and optic nerve. Tumor size was measured by B-ultrasound examination. Results: Tumor invasion of the optic nerve correlated with the Reese-Ellsworth (R-E) staging system and the International Classification for Retinoblastoma (ICRB): optic nerve involvement was significantly more frequent in R-E stage V (P = 0.009) and ICRB Group E (P = 0.002) cases. However, 19.1% of patients with R-E stage I, II and III, and 16.7% of patients with ICRB Group B and C disease showed histopathological involvement of the postlaminar optic nerve. Extraocular involvement was observed in 17.7% of tumors ≤15 mm in diameter. Tumors >15 mm in diameter showed greater extraocular involvement, including the optic nerve (P = 0.000) and sclera (P = 0.032), than tumors ≤15 mm in diameter. Postlaminar optic nerve invasion was observed in 19.6% of tumors ≤10 mm in thickness. Tumors >10 mm in thickness had sclera involvement more frequently than tumors ≤10 mm in thickness (P = 0.029). Postlaminar optic nerve invasion was noted in 17.1% of patients with tumors ≤15 mm in diameter and ≤10 mm in thickness. Conclusions: Medium-sized retinoblastomas frequently invade outside the globe. Thus, indications for conservative treatment need improvement. © 2013 Yan et al.
Yan, J., Zhang, H., & Li, Y. (2013). Establishment of the relationship between tumor size and range of histological involvement to evaluate the rationality of current retinoblastoma management. PLoS ONE, 8(11). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080484