Incidence of major adverse cardiac events in men wishing to continue competitive sport following percutaneous coronary intervention

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Abstract

Background: The new North American guidelines for participation in competitive sport in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) are less restrictive than previous guidelines. Aim: To evaluate the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in men with CAD who practise intensive physical activity after a stenting procedure. MACE included in-stent restenosis (SR), stent thrombosis (ST), new coronary stenosis (NCS), myocardial infarction, heart failure, cardiac arrest or cardiac death. Methods: Asymptomatic men with CAD and a coronary stent who practised regular (>4 h/week) sport were included in this retrospective multicentre observational study. All patients presented with left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%, no residual stenosis, and no inducible ischaemia or arrhythmias. Three groups were compared: those undertaking moderate leisure-time sport (MLS), intensive leisure-time sport (ILS) or competitive sport (CS). During follow-up, all patients had a yearly routine cardiology evaluation. Results: A total of 108 men with CAD (57.3 ± 9.1 years) were included: 29 MLS, 58 ILS, and 21 CS. During follow-up (57.6 ± 46.0 months) the incidence of MACE was 15.7% (SR = 5, SR + NCS = 4, ST = 4, NCS = 4) and occurred during physical exertion in 59% of patients. ST was more frequent in the CS (n = 3) than in the MLS (n = 1) or ILS (n = 0) groups, especially in patients with bare-metal stents. Conclusions: The incidence of MACE was 15.7%, and only ST was significantly more frequent in CS patients than in MLS or ILS patients. Our data support the new US guidelines for exercise eligibility in men with CAD.

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Guy, J. M., Wilson, M., Schnell, F., Chevalier, L., Verdier, J. C., Corone, S., … Carré, F. (2019). Incidence of major adverse cardiac events in men wishing to continue competitive sport following percutaneous coronary intervention. Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 112(4), 226–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acvd.2018.11.008

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