Mastering of musical rhythm by pre-school age children with speech disorders with the help of dance-correction program trainings

  • Petrenko N
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Abstract

Introduction: It is known that regular listening to specially selected music develops children's cognitive abilities. Musical influence optimizes many important functions of brain: increases mental workability; accelerates processing of information; improves short term memory. Besides, sensitivity of visual and hearing analyzers strengthens, as well as regulation of arbitrary movements; indicators of verbal and non verbal intellect improve. Purpose: to determine peculiarities of musical rhythm's mastering by pre-school age children with speech disorders with the help of dance-correction program trainings. Material: the categories of the tested children: children of age - 4-5 and 5-6 years with speech disorders and healthy pre-school age children. Children of 4-5 years' age composed: main group (n=12), control group (n=16); group of healthy children (n=24). For assessment of verbal thinking and rhythm-motor (or dance) abilities we used complex of tests of constantly increasing difficulty. Results: we found that under influence of dance-correcting exercises activation of rhythm-motor abilities and development of cognitive functions happened in children. We also found main functional peculiarities of musical rhythm's mastering by preschool age children. It was determined that by the end of pedagogic experiment, main groups of children approached to groups of healthy peers by all tested characteristics. Conclusions: it is recommended to include correcting components (fit ball - dance gymnastic, tales-therapy, logo-rhythm trainings, and game fitness) in trainings by choreographic program.

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APA

Petrenko, N. B. (2016). Mastering of musical rhythm by pre-school age children with speech disorders with the help of dance-correction program trainings. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 20(4), 23–28. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2016.0404

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